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Exploring the Legacy and Evolution of Orvis

A Family-Owned Retail and Sporting Goods Business

Orvis, a family-owned retail and mail-order business, has become a prominent name in the fly fishing, hunting, and sporting goods industry. Founded by Charles F. Orvis in Manchester, Vermont in 1856, the company holds the distinction of being the oldest mail-order retailer in the United States. Over the years, it has evolved and expanded its operations, now operating 70 retail stores and 10 outlet/warehouse locations in the US, as well as 18 retail stores and one outlet store in the UK.

Charles F. Orvis and the Early Years

Charles F. Orvis established a tackle shop in Manchester, Vermont in 1856, making significant contributions to reel design with his 1874 fly reel, which was regarded as the “benchmark of American reel design” by reel historian Jim Brown. Orvis pioneered mail-order catalogs even before more famous ones like Sears Roebuck, predating them by over 20 years. His daughter, Mary Orvis Marbury, further expanded the company’s reach by taking charge of the Orvis fly department in the 1870s and publishing an encyclopedic book on fly patterns in 1892.

A Rollercoaster of Ownership Changes

Following Charles Orvis’s death in 1915, his sons Albert and Robert managed the company until the 1930s when it faced challenges during the Great Depression. In 1939, Orvis was purchased by Philadelphia businessman-sportsman Dudley Corkran, who revitalized the business. Corkran hired rodbuilder Wes Jordan, who developed a unique impregnation process for bamboo rods, ensuring their durability. After World War II, Orvis faced competition from emerging fiberglass and graphite rod manufacturers.

The Perkins Family Era

Leigh H. Perkins, an admirer of the Orvis brand, acquired the company in 1965. Perkins expanded the product line into gifts and clothing, aiming to make Orvis synonymous not only with fly fishing but with an entire outdoor lifestyle. He established the Orvis fly-fishing school in 1966, believed to be the first of its kind in the United States. Perkins’s innovative approach included trading customer mailing lists with competitors, such as L.L. Bean, Eddie Bauer, and Norm Thompson.

The Rise to Prominence

Under the leadership of Perkins and his successor, Howard Steere, Orvis became the world’s largest manufacturer of high-quality fly rods and reels. The company’s commitment to excellence gained recognition, with Tom Peters, author of “In Search of Excellence,” naming the Orvis fly rod one of the five best products made in the United States in the 1980s. Orvis also played a significant role in defining the contemporary look and social universe of fly fishing.

A Brand Identity Crisis

Despite its success, Orvis faced a corporate identity crisis in the late 20th century. The company’s rapid growth and acquisition of other firms with different identities threatened the clarity of the brand. To address this, a rebranding effort began in 2000, focusing on positioning Orvis as a name synonymous with an outdoor style of living. The company worked to formalize and broaden its corporate vision while maintaining its commitment to high-quality products and customer service.

Continued Commitment to Conservation

Orvis has a longstanding commitment to conservation. Charles Orvis’s work in fisheries conservation and management in the late 19th century laid the foundation for the company’s conservation activism. Leigh Perkins continued this legacy, donating a portion of the company’s profits to conservation projects since 1994. Orvis collaborates with various organizations dedicated to preserving wildlife and natural habitats, including the Atlantic Salmon Federation, Nature Conservancy, and Trout Unlimited.

Looking to the Future

In 2020, Simon Perkins, the son of former Orvis CEO Leigh “Perk” Perkins and grandson of Leigh H. Perkins, assumed the role of president, marking the third generation of Perkins leadership. With a solid foundation and a strong commitment to quality, conservation, and outdoor living, Orvis continues to thrive and evolve.


Orvis’s rich history and evolution as a family-owned retail and sporting goods business demonstrate its resilience and adaptability. From its humble beginnings as a tackle shop in Vermont to its position as a global leader in fly fishing and outdoor lifestyle, Orvis has remained true to its values and commitment to quality. As it enters a new era of leadership, the company’s legacy of conservation and dedication to customer satisfaction ensure a promising future for Orvis and its passionate community of outdoor enthusiasts.

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